(US) NONPROLIFERATION UPDATE: FY 2005 Defense Authorization Bill
On Saturday, October 9th, the House and Senate approved the conference report for the Fiscal 2005 Defense Authorization bill. The following is a breakdown of authorized funding levels and legislation relevant to U.S. nonproliferation efforts.
October 12, 2004
Cooperative Threat Reduction (CTR) Program - $409.2 million (matches the Administration's request)
a. Strategic Offensive Arms Elimination in Russia - $58.5 million
b. Nuclear Weapons Storage Security in Russia - $48.7 million
c. Nuclear Weapons Transportation Security in Russia - $26.3 million
d. WMD Proliferation Prevention - $40 million
e. Biological Weapons Proliferation Prevention - $55 million
f. Chemical Weapons Destruction in Russia - $158.4 million
g. Defense and Military Contacts - $8 million
h. Administrative Support - $14.3 million
Department of Energy Nonproliferation Programs - $1.35 billion ( matches the Administration's request)
a. Nonproliferation and Verification R&D - $245 million ($25 million above Administration's request)*
b. Nonproliferation and International Security - $124 million
c. International Nuclear Materials Protection and Cooperation - $238 million
d. Russian Transition Initiative - $41 million
e. Highly Enriched Uranium (HEU) Transparency - $20.95 million
f. Elimination of Weapons-Grade Plutonium Production - $50.1 million
g. Fissile Materials Disposition in the U.S. - $184.7 million
h. Fissile Materials Disposition in Russia - $64 million
i. U.S. Pit Disassembly and Conversion Facility - $32.3 million
j. U.S. Mixed Oxide (MOX) Fuel Fabrication Facility - $368 million
*(The conferees reduced the total program funding for fissile materials disposition by $25 million due to a delay in facility construction and increased program funding for nonproliferation and verification research and development by the same amount.)
Key Legislative Provisions
** Cooperative Threat Reduction Program
Sec. 1303 - Extends the President's authority through December 2006 to waive, on an annual basis, the conditions for spending CTR funds on chemical weapons destruction in Russia. (Waiver authority to now be provided on a calendar year basis, rather than a fiscal year basis.)
Sec. 1304 - Requires the Secretary of Defense to provide specified Cooperative Threat Reduction program and budget information in both the CTR annual report and in justification materials supporting the President's annual budget request for the Department.
Sec. 1214 - Requires the Secretary of Defense to submit a report on current and future collaborative measures by the United States and Russia to reduce the danger of an unauthorized or accidental launch of a nuclear ballistic missile.
** Department of Energy Nonproliferation Programs
Sec. 3131 - Removes the $50 million limitation on the Department's authority to spend nuclear materials protection and cooperation program funds on new projects outside the former Soviet Union.
Sec. 3132 - Authorizes the President to establish a Department of Energy Task Force on Nuclear Materials to undertake a "global cleanout" program to accelerate efforts to remove and secure nuclear materials and equipment from vulnerable research reactors and other facilities around the world.
Sec. 3133 - Authorizes the Secretary of Energy to implement the "Silk Road Initiative," a program promoting non-weapons-related employment for scientists, engineers, and technicians formerly engaged in activities to develop weapons of mass destruction in the Caucasus and Central Asia.
The provision encourages a pilot program in the Republic of Georgia and authorizes the Secretary to spend up to $10 million from funds for nonproliferation and international security for Fiscal 2005.
Sec. 3134 - Authorizes the establishment of Nuclear Nonproliferation Fellowships, which are exchange fellowships for scientists employed at nonproliferation research laboratories of the Russian Federation and the United States.
*** NOTE ON APPROPRIATIONS:
1) The Fiscal Year 2005 Defense Appropriations Bill was signed by the President on August 5th. It appropriates funding for the full amount authorized for Cooperative Threat Reduction Programs at the Department of Defense.
2) Funds for Department of Energy nonproliferation programs, including "global cleanout" efforts, are to be appropriated in the Fiscal 2005 Energy and Water Development Appropriations Bill. The House passed its version of the bill, however the Senate did not mark up the bill prior to recessing until November 16th. The legislation could be taken up during the lame duck session in November, or could be postponed until Congress returns in early 2005. Most likely, the Energy and Water bill will be rolled into a large omnibus spending bill for Fiscal 2005.
Center for Arms Control and Non-Proliferation
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